Tooth Decay


Tooth decay refers to the destruction of tooth structure and the most common symptoms are cavity in the tooth and toothache. There are several things that can be done to slow down or prevent the breakdown process, like brushing at least twice a day with fluoridated toothpaste, using interdental cleansing aids including dental floss or interdental toothbrush, rinsing thoroughly with an anti-cavity dental rinse. Additionally, eating a healthy diet and limiting carbohydrate intake can help.

Tooth decay can affect both the enamel and the dentin of the tooth. If decay is left untreated, it will reach the tooth’s pulp which contains nerves and blood vessels.

What is the treatment for dental cavities?

Fill / restore the tooth

The dentist will remove the decayed part of the tooth in the cavity and fill the cavity.

Artificial inlays, onlays and crowns

The dentist will remove the decayed part of the tooth and fill the cavity. Then, an artificial inlay, onlay or crown will be placed on top of the tooth to strengthen it.

Root canal treatment

The dentist or a dental specialist (endodontist) will remove the nerve and infected pulp, allowing the inside of the tooth to be cleaned and sealed. In most cases, the tooth’s natural crown will need to be replaced with an artificial crown to strengthen the tooth.